Know the Science of AYURVEDA – Some Essential Inputs:
The word ‘Ayurveda’ comes from the word ‘ayus’ meaning ‘life’ and the word ‘veda’ meaning ‘to know’. Ayurveda means ‘the science of life’, and is a medical system practiced in India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Ayurveda’s mythological origin is attributed to the God Dhanvantari. Four thousand-year old references to the Aswin twins are found in the scriptures of Sanskrit language in India and now extinct Hurrian and Hittite languages in Turkey. Ayurveda is considered the upaveda or accessory veda to the Atharva Veda. The four Vedas are the world’s oldest literary documents. Ayurveda has excelled in all the modern super-specialities.
Ayurveda’s lasting influence in the non-Sindhu sphere began after the rise and spread of Buddhism. Buddhist monks introduced Ayurveda to China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia and Sri Lanka, leaving a lasting legacy in their medical systems.
More recently, the German translation of an Ayurvedic text that dates back to less than 1000 BCE, the Susruta Samhita, contributed to modern medicine the discipline of plastic surgery.
Approach of Ayurveda:
In Ayuveda, diagnosis is always done of the patient as a whole. The physician takes a careful note of the patients internal physiological characteristics and mental disposition. He also studies such other factors as the affected bodily tissues, humours, the site at which the disease is located, patients resistance and vitality, his daily routine, dietary habits, the gravity of clinical conditions, condition of digestion and details of personal, social, economic and environmental situation of the patient. The diagnosis generally involves:
- General & physical examination
- Pulse examination
- Urine examination
- Examination of the faeces
- Examination of tongue and eyes
- Examination of skin and ear including tactile and auditory functions.
The human body comprises three different parts named – Body, soul and mind, Ayurvedic scholars developed different pattern of treatments for these; viz. -
1. Yukti-vyapaashraya Chikitsa- means, planning a treatment by using different herbs, minerals, and different food preparations. Through this treatment, the doshas in side the body are taken care of.
2. Daiva-vyapaashraya Chikitsa- is to treat the problems with the psyche. In this type Ayurveda asks to do Yajnas (The holy rituals), offerings to the natural powers and reciting the chants.
3. Satvaavajaya Chikitsa- This is done to keep the mind away from the bad ideas, objects and thoughts and tending it towards healthy ideas, objects and thoughts. Proper Yoga practice helps in it.
Types of Treatment – Diagnosis based treatments:
- The treatment of disease can broadly be classified as
- Shodhana Chikitsa (Purification Treatment)
- Shamana Chikitsa (Palliative Treatment)
- Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)
- Nidana Parivarjana (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors)
- Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy and Counselling)
- Rasayana Karma (Use of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines, post main treatment)